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[1.Background]   [2.Numbers & facts]   [3.Methods of holocaust]  [4.Places and times of the massacres]   [5.The present & future]   [6.Autonomy Aspiration of Hungarians abroad]  

1. Background - some short history of Vajdaság

Vajdaság (allso known as Vojvodina) was a part of Kingdom of Hungary untill 1920, today is a northern province of Serbia & Montenegro.

In the end of I. World War, Hungary, which was allied to Austria and Germany, lost the war and so Vajdaság become a part of newly established state: The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians which later become Yugoslavia, althogh serbs made just 19% of the total population.

With the Versailles (Paris, France) peace Treaty, Hungary lost 2/3 of its territory without a right on plebiscite.

The peace talks were held in Versailles, Paris, France. The year was 1920.

Unwillingly and under enormous pressure, on 4th July, the Hungarian delegation has been forced to signed the "Peace Treaty" which dismembered the 1000 years old country grounded by Saint Steven (Szent István), the first hungarian King. 2/3 of Hungary's territory had been given to those surrounding countries, which actually occupied it.

Vajdaság, the southern part of Hungary, has been given to the newly made joint state of Slavs: The kingdom of Serbs-Croats & Slovenians(which later change name to Yugoslavia).

The Paris Peace Treaty, "The Treaty of Trianon",(where the Hungarians were severely punished because being allied with the Germans in the war) not just dismembered Hungarythe central European state,(which has been the fortress and defender of Christianity for 500 hundred years against the invading Turks) but also made homeless 4.7 millions of Hungarians, which with the new borders were no longer the citizens of their own country, but the citizens of surrounding countries, which actually occupied it.

Hungarians - the largest minority in Europe, with nearly 4 million Hungarians in the nearby countries; Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria, are today still living as natives in this states.

The rights on using their own language in schools, government institutions, news and media is or are severely limited or forbidden, the thousand years old cities and villages were (and still are) not allowed to ware their original Hungarian names on the road signs, all the property which has been confiscated from big land lords and the Catholic church, after the first & second World War, are still in state possession.

In lots of cases, the Hungarians still live in discrimination and persecution, just because they are Hungarians. The situation i Vajdaság, nowdays is even more serious. Hungarians has been harassed and heavily beaten just because they are Hungarians.

In autumn of 1944 the communist partisans of Tito mainly constituated of Serb troupes and the units of the Soviet army marched in to the Hungarian lived Bácska and Újvidék (Novi Sad) behind the retreating Hungarian troops. On 20th October the Serbian revenge has begun and to which almost 4O 000 Hungarians have been fallen victims.

This period in history of Vajdaság hungarians know as "The freezing weeks" of 1944/45.

HUNSOR wants to waken up public knowledge on this tragic historic events and therefore is publicating the following documents:

  • Teleki Júlia: Hungarian Holocaust in Vojvodina
  • Teleki Júlia: Visszatekintés a múltba
  • A. Sajti Enikő: Legrosszabb álmaink (Délvidék 1944/45)
  • Fifty Thousand Hungarian Martyrs - Jugoslavia 1944-1992
  • Hetényi Varga Károly: Keresztény martírók
  • Mészáros Sándor: Magyar Holokauszt
  • Tibor Cseres: Serbian Vendetta in Bacska
  • Margaret M. Botos: Anti-Hungarian atrocities

    [2.Numbers & facts]   [3. Methods of holocaust]  [4.Places and times of the massacres]   [5.The present & future]   [6.Autonomy Aspiration of Hungarians abroad]  

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    Here can you finde
    some more

    and facts
    about Vojvodina
    and the
    Holocaust committed against Hungarians
    in 1944

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